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Les oméga 3 sont bénéfiques pour le coeur

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Les oméga 3 sont bénéfiques pour le coeur

Messagepar Nutrimuscle-Conseils » 13 Déc 2012 07:03

Un niveau élevé d'EPA abaisse le niveau des risques cardiques

Comparison of eicosapentaenoic acid concentrations in plasma between patients with ischemic stroke and control subjects
Nutrition Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 127–131 Yoshimori Ikeya


ω-3 fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), prevent ischemic stroke. However, the clinical importance of EPA for ischemic stroke and its subtype has not been fully elucidated.

Methods

In a cross-sectional study, we determined whether ω-3 fatty acids were predictive factors for ischemic stroke. We compared common clinical parameters among 65 patients with ischemic stroke and 65 control subjects. The parameters included blood chemistry data; concentrations of EPA, docosahexaenoic acid, and arachidonic acid (AA); EPA/AA ratio; smoking; alcohol intake; fish consumption more than four times per week; and the incidence of underlying diseases. The comparisons were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test, and multiple logistic regression analysis was applied to the significant factors in the non-parametric test. We also applied the same approach to the ischemic stroke subtypes, cardioembolism and large-artery atherosclerosis.

Results

In the multiple logistic regression analysis after the Mann-Whitney U test, a lower EPA concentration was one of the significant risk factors for ischemic stroke, as were a lower body mass index, lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and smoking (sensitivity 0.846, specificity 0.831, positive predictive value 0.833). In the analysis of subtypes, a lower EPA/AA ratio and a lower body mass index were the significant risk factors for cardioembolism (sensitivity 0.800, specificity 0.733, positive predictive value 0.750). However, large-artery atherosclerosis was not related to the EPA concentration or the EPA/AA ratio.

Conclusions

In this study, the plasma EPA concentration and the EPA/AA ratio were potential predictive risk factors for ischemic stroke, especially for cardioembolism. Further prospective studies are necessary.
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Messagepar Ugo » 13 Déc 2012 08:09

Y'avait une pub pour le beurre enrichi en Omega 3 a la télé qui vantait les memes mérites :lol:
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